KNJIGE | dr. Iztok Simoniti: Diplomatsko pravo

Pri Založbi FDV je v zbirki Mednarodno pravo izšel priročnik Diplomatsko pravo: izbrane konvencije (glavni urednik dr. Iztok Simoniti), v katerem so na 724 straneh zbrane najpomembnejše konvencije in drugi dokumenti s področja diplomatskega in konzularnega prava v angleškem in slovenskem jeziku. Gre za prvi tak priročnik, ki se pridružuje drugim publikacijam s področja mednarodnega prava in mednarodnih odnosov, pri čemer ne gre zgolj za preprost zbir dokumentov, ampak strnjen in praktičen prikaz bistvenih vprašanj in aktov s tega področja.

V elektronski obliki je priročnik dostopen tukaj.

Vir: Pravna praksa 2016/12-13.

Dan človekovih pravic: “Naše pravice. Naše svoboščine. Vedno.”

Dne 10. decembra 1948 je Generalna skupščina OZN sprejela Splošno deklaracijo o človekovih pravicah, ki je konkretizirala enega od glavnih ciljev Ustanovne listine OZN o razvoju in spodbujanju človekovih pravic in temeljnih svoboščin za vse ljudi, ne glede na raso, spol, jezik ali vero.

Nadaljuj z branjem Dan človekovih pravic: “Naše pravice. Naše svoboščine. Vedno.”

Skupna zunanja in varnostna politika EU: kaj določa člen 42.7 Pogodbe o Evropski uniji

Države članice EU so se zavezale skupni zunanji in varnostni politiki EU z namenom krepitve civilnih in vojaških zmogljivosti EU za preprečevanje konfliktov in krizno upravljanje.

Skupna varnostna in obrambna politika je sestavni del skupne zunanje in varnostne politike. Evropski uniji zagotavlja operativno sposobnost, oprto na civilna in vojaška sredstva, ki jih EU lahko uporablja pri misijah zunaj svojih meja za ohranjanje miru, preprečevanje konfliktov in krepitev mednarodne varnosti v skladu z načeli Ustanovne listine OZN. Za izvajanje teh misij se uporabijo zmogljivosti, ki jih zagotovijo države članice (člen 42.1 PEU).

Nadaljuj z branjem Skupna zunanja in varnostna politika EU: kaj določa člen 42.7 Pogodbe o Evropski uniji

The destructive way terrorists make money | IDEAS.TED.COM

Terrorists make headlines by destroying ancient sites like Palmyra, in Syria. But there’s an even more sinister endgame, as archaeologist Sarah Parcak explains. You’ve probably heard of blood diamonds and blood ivory. But what about blood antiquities? More here.


Source: ideas.ted.com

Stories of Syrian Refugees | LONGREADS

“What’s the Difference Between Migrants and Refugees?”(Sarah Grey, The Establishment, October 2015)

Sarah Grey explains the assumptions and connotations underlying the words we use to describe the displaced victims of Syria’s civil war.

Nadaljuj z branjem Stories of Syrian Refugees | LONGREADS

Dialog z državljani o TTIP

Predstavništvo Evropske komisije v Sloveniji jutri, 10. novembra 2015, pripravlja dialog z državljani z naslovom TTIP: kaj prinaša prostotrgovinski in naložbeni sporazum med EU in ZDA. Gosta bosta evropska komisarka za trgovino Cecilia Malström in državni sekretar na Ministrstvu za gospodarski razvoj in tehnologijo Aleš Cantarutti.

Nadaljuj z branjem Dialog z državljani o TTIP

Združeni narodi praznujejo 70 let

“Združene narode moramo prepoznati za to, kar so: sicer nepopoln, a nepogrešljiv instrument narodov, ki delajo v smeri razvoja bolj pravičnega in varnejšega sveta.”

Dag Hammarskjöld, drugi generalni sekretar OZN od leta 1953 do leta 1961

Organizacija združenih narodov (OZN) je medvladna organizacija, ki spodbuja mednarodno sodelovanje. Njeni cilji so ohranjati mednarodni mir in varnost, razvijati prijateljske odnose med narodi, zagotavljati mednarodno sodelovanje in zavzemati se za spoštovanje človekovih pravic in temeljnih svoboščin ter postati središče za usklajevanje prizadevanj narodov za dosego teh skupnih ciljev. Ustanovljena je bila 24. oktobra 1945, ko je Ustanovno listino OZN ratificiralo pet stalnih članic Varnostnega sveta OZN (Francija, Kitajska, Sovjetska zveza, Združeno kraljestvo in ZDA) ter večina preostalih 46-ih držav pogodbenic. Danes ima 193 držav članic, 44,000 zaposlenih, 40 programov in specializiranih agencij, 28 aktivnih mirovnih operacij in 5,530,349,800 dolarjev težak proračun.

The Latest Human Rights Crackdown in Uncle Xi’s China

Longreads

Chinese authorities have recently detained or questioned more than 150 human rights lawyers and activists in an unprecedented nationwide crackdown. Some detainees are missing, and a petition is calling on the U.S. to cancel the Chinese president’s upcoming state visit. In his April New Yorker story “Born Red,” Evan Osnos profiled Big Uncle Xi (the state news agency’s nickname for the president), “China’s most authoritarian leader since Mao”:

Before Xi took power, he was described, in China and abroad, as an unremarkable provincial administrator, a fan of American pop culture (“The Godfather,” “Saving Private Ryan”) who cared more about business than about politics, and was selected mainly because he had alienated fewer peers than his competitors. It was an incomplete portrait. He had spent more than three decades in public life, but Chinese politics had exposed him to limited scrutiny. At a press conference, a local reporter once asked…

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TEDWomen 2015: Leaders with an eye for justice

“The number one abuse of human rights on earth is the mistreatment of women and girls.”
(Jimmy Carter)

TED Blog

President Jimmy Carter speaks at TEDWomen2015 - Momentum, Session 4, May 28, 2015, Monterey Conference Center, Monterey, California, USA. Photo: Marla Aufmuth/TED Former president Jimmy Carter is at TEDWomen for a reason. He says, “The number one abuse of human rights on earth is the mistreatment of women and girls.” Photo: Marla Aufmuth/TED

Momentum is great. But how do you sustain it? This session will examine what it takes to keep on keeping on, from speakers who are just starting out and those who’ve been at it for decades.

Short recaps of the talks in this session…

The number one abuse of human rights. Former president Jimmy Carter begins with jokes (looking out at the audience of mainly women, he muses, “I feel … a little bit different from most of you”), but he is here to talk about something serious. “The number one abuse of human rights on earth is the mistreatment of women and girls,” says Carter. He sees three things at the root of this. The first is the “misinterpretation of religious…

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Zgodba o radikalizaciji in kompleksnosti ekstremizma: Mubin Shaikh

Od islamskega ekstremista do tajnega protiobveščevalnega agenta.

TED Blog

Mubin Shaikh speaks at TEDWomen2015 - Momentum, Session 3, May 28, 2015, Monterey Conference Center, Monterey, California, USA. Photo: Marla Aufmuth/TED Mubin Shaikh shares his journey from Muslim extremist to undercover counterterrorism agent. Photo: Marla Aufmuth/TED

“I initially celebrated the 9/11 attacks,” says Mubin Shaikh. “When the news came in over the radio that a plane had hit the building, the first words that came out of my mouth were ‘God is great.'”

This was not a natural response, says Shaikh. “Extremists are made, not born,” he explains.

Shaikh grew up in Canada, where he went to a multicultural public school that had warm, encouraging teachers; but on nights and weekends, at his Islamic school, beatings for mistakes were common. But it wasn’t until high school that he started down the path to radicalization. His story changed one night when he had a party while his parents were out of town. His uncle came over in a rage, and chastised him for having a party while his parents were out of town, saying he…

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Islamska država in doxing

Islamska država oziroma njena “hackerska enota” je po poročanju New York Timesa na spletu objavila osebne podatke več kot 100 vojakov ameriške vojske. Namen je spodbuditi podpornike v Ameriki, da podatke uporabijo za likvidacijo vojaškega osebja. Doxing, tj. praksa raziskovanja in objavljanja osebnih podatkov o posamezniku na internetu, je tako postal najnovejše orožje v rokah Islamske države.


Vir: New York Times

On the Difference Between ‘Technical’ and ‘Tactical’ Spies | Longreads

O tehnično in taktično podkovanih vohunih.

Longreads

In a recent piece for the New York Review of BooksFreeman Dyson reviewed Half-Life, a biography of Bruno Pontecorvo, a brilliant nuclear physicist and possible spy. Pontecorvo spent six years working on nuclear reactors in Canada, where he may or may not have passed information on to Soviet contacts. However, according to Dyson—who is himself a world-renowned mathematical physicist— even if Pontecorvo had been a spy, the overall effect of his information wouldn’t have been hugely important. Perhaps some of it might have been useful to Soviet bomb designers, but it wouldn’t have been a game changer. Furthermore, the Soviets already had two technical spies (Klaus Fuchs and Ted Hall) relaying information from Los Alamos.

This is where Dyson brings up an interesting distinction: that between technical and tactical spies. As a layperson, I’d always presumed a spy is a spy; however, in Dyson’s view, technical and tactical spies belong in entirely different categories. He…

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